A car is a four wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation. They are primarily designed to run on roads and have seating for 1-8 people. Cars are equipped with controls used for driving, parking, passenger comfort, safety and controlling a variety of lights. Recent more modern cars are being fitted with rear reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems and in car entertainment. Cars are propelled by internal combustion engines which are fueled by petrol or diesel. Both fuels cause air pollution and are significant contributors to global warming and climate change.

Cars are categorized into various types:

  • Sports cars: Sports cars are small two-seater cars that are engineered for fast and quick, dynamic responses. They can go at very high speeds and are usually used by professionals for racing.
  • Muscle cars: these cars are essentially designed for automobile lovers. They have extremely powerful engines and look very strong and rugged.
  • SUV’s (sports utility vehicles): it is an estate car mostly available in four wheel drive to drive on-road or off-road having large passenger carrying space.
  • Sedan cars: sedan is a passenger car that has two rows of seats and adequate passenger space in the rear compartment. In sedans, four or more people can travel. It has a fixed roof that is full-height up to the rear window with two pillars to join the roof and the window. The word sedan is taken from Italian word “sedia” which means closed chair in which person can sit.
  • MUV’s (multi utility vehicles): It has a similar design to that of a van and is larger than a sedan, hatchback or a coupe. Its design maximizes interior volume capacity.
  • Coupe: is a car with a fixed roof and has two body doors. It has comfortable seating for two people with a tightly packed rear seat.
  • Hatchbacks: These are small cars which have passenger cabins integrated with boot space. Most hatchbacks have two rows of seats. It is the most suited for in city use and occupies less parking space.

Some important factors to note before buying a car:

  • Fuel consumption: Some cars look exclusive and elegant, however, they tend to guzzle fuel. This is not very efficient especially if you have a low monthly budget to spend on fuel. Hence, it is advisable to stick to cars which give higher mileage in such cases.
  • Cost of spare parts: There are certain cars which may be very fuel efficient, elegant and posh but they tend to be white elephants when it comes to spare part replacements. It is good to consider this aspect before purchasing a car.
  • Avoid cars attractive to theft: if you stay in a neighborhood that isn’t so secure and also if your routine is to places with less security, you are advised to avoid buying certain kind of cars. You may decide to install a car tracker and also get an insurance policy, but this will not stop your neighbors from stealing you side mirror, wiper, lights and rims. Know how secure your neighborhood is before buying certain types of cars which have high demand for spare parts.
  • Road access: If you live in a locality with very bumpy or under construction roads, then it is advisable to get high cars like SUV’s as their chassis is a lot above the ground and will not get scraped every time you pass or drive over a bump. On the other hand if you live in an area with well-maintained roads this factor is needless to worry about.
  • Distance traveled regularly: if you are a long distance traveler you need to find out cars that are not easily affected on long distance traveled. Some car brands can’t withstand long distance as they easily get heated up and start affect mechanical and wiring aspects of the car.
  • Safety: Buyers should check for availability of features like antilock brakes, front-seat side airbags, full-length side curtain airbags and stability control. Features like rearview cameras, parking sensors and knee airbags are becoming increasingly available on non-luxury sedans, while premium brands are utilizing high-tech electronics to warn inattentive drivers of blind-spot intrusion and impending collisions. Shoppers should be aware of crash test scores as well.
  • Interior space and passenger capacity: Most compact and midsize sedans can transport four adults in reasonable comfort. Taller families and those with five to carry should consider a large sedan.
  • Manual vs. automatic transmissions: This is a very essential factor while considering which car to buy. If you are a person who enjoys the classic driving experience then a manual car is recommended, whereas, if you wish to make your driving experience easier, automatic cars is what you need to look for. At the same time the distance traveled every day and the traffic also matter as riving long distances in an automatic car is easier and more comfortable, but proves to be uneconomical when travelling in heavy traffic as automatic cars guzzle petrol every time the break is applied.
  • Break power: it is essential to check if the car comes to a screeching stop when the breaks are applied or if it comes to a smooth stop.
  • Power and acceleration: Observe the vehicle acceleration power and the time it takes to a certain speed. Most importantly notice if the engine makes any awkward noises while accelerating.


Essential things to note during a test drive:

  • Analyze and be sure that the vehicle has characteristics that you are looking for.
  • Inspect and feel the interiors and exteriors for unsightly gaps.
  • Check for ride comfort, noise, power/acceleration, braking and handling.
  • Check your vehicle thoroughly before driving it home.

Some reliable car dealers can be found on the QuicSearch website.

Written by Taarini Chandramouli

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