Do you remember when you had supple and soft baby like skin? Even toned with no pimples or stray marks? And certainly no dark circles? Well we have the right advice to help you achieve your flawless skin again.

Skin has mesodermal cells, pigmentation or melanin provided by melanocytes, which absorb some of the potentially dangerous ultraviolet radiation (UV) in sunlight. It also contains DNA repair enzymes that help reverse UV damage, such that people lacking the genes for these enzymes suffer high rates of skin cancer.

The skin performs various functions in the human body:

  1. Protection: skin acts as a barrier from pathogens and damage between the internal and external environment in bodily defense.
  2. Sensation: contains a variety of nerve endings that react to heat and cold, touch, pressure, vibration, and tissue injury.
  3. Heat regulation: the skin contains a blood supply far greater than its requirements which allows precise control of energy loss by radiation, convection and conduction. Dilated blood vessels increase per-fusion and heat loss, while constricted vessels greatly reduce cutaneous blood flow and conserve heat.
  4. Control of evaporation: the skin provides a relatively dry and semi-impermeable barrier to fluid loss.Loss of this function contributes to the massive fluid loss in
  5. Aesthetics and communication: others see our skin and can assess our mood, physical state and attractiveness.
  6. Storage and synthesis: acts as a storage center for lipids and water, as well as a means of synthesis of vitamin D by action of UV on certain parts of the skin.
  7. Excretion:Sweat contains urea, however its concentration is 1/130th that of urine, hence excretion by sweating is at most a secondary function to temperature regulation.
  8. Absorption: the cells comprising the outermost 0.25–0.40 mm of the skin are “almost exclusively supplied by external oxygen”, although the “contribution to total respiration is negligible”.In addition, medicine can be administered through the skin, by ointments or by means of adhesive patch, such as the nicotine patch. The skin is an important site of transport in many other organisms.
  9. Water resistance: The skin acts as a water resistant barrier so essential nutrients aren’t washed out of the body.

Some effective skin care tips:

  • Protect it with coating: Take a large coin size drop of sunscreen, SPF 30 or higher and gently dab it over your face, neck and ears. Wait for two minutes and apply a second coat. This will prevent your skin from the harsh rays of the sun and the cancer causing UV rays.
  • Eat food that nourishes your skin: Always include 4-5 almonds in your breakfast, every day. Almonds have essential fatty acids which help prevent the skin from bloating up and inflaming, this helps reduces wrinkles and sagging.
  • Spray away dryness: Use spring water facial spray to remove dryness and unwanted dust from your skin. This will prevent the dust from affecting the chemical balance and pH of your skin.
  • Face pack: Apply a face pack for ten minutes every night, Choose a face pack which has cucumber extracts as this helps replenish essential nutrients of your skin.
  • Powder sunscreen: Lotion or liquid sunscreens wear away in 3-4 hours. This then exposes your gentle skin to the sun. To prevent this, carry a bottle of powder sunscreen to top up the lotion at regular intervals and help prevent your skin from any unwanted damage.
  • Don’t smoke: Smoking makes your skin look older and contributes to wrinkles. Smoking narrows the tiny blood vessels in the outermost layers of skin, which decreases blood flow. This depletes the skin of oxygen and nutrients that are important to skin health. Smoking also damages collagen and elastin fibers that give your skin strength and elasticity. In addition, the repetitive facial expressions you make when smoking such as pursing your lips when inhaling and squinting your eyes to keep out smoke can contribute to wrinkles. If you smoke, the best way to protect your skin is to quit.
  • Limit shower time: Hot water and long showers or baths remove oils from your skin. Limit your bath or shower time, and use warm water rather than hot water.
  • Avoid strong soapsStrong soaps and detergents can strip oil from your skin. Instead, choose mild cleansers.
  • Moisturize dry skin: If your skin is dry, use a moisturizer that fits your skin type. For daily use, consider a moisturizer that contains SPF.
  • Healthy diets: A healthy diet can help you look and feel your best. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins. A diet rich in vitamin C and low in unhealthy fats and processed or refined carbohydrates might promote younger looking skin.
  • Manage stress levels: Uncontrolled stress can make your skin more sensitive and trigger acne breakouts and other skin problems. Set reasonable limits, scale back your to-do list and make time to do the things you enjoy. The results might be more dramatic than you expect.
  • Remove make-up: At the end of every day remove all the make-up using a good make up remover. Make up remains enter skin pores and damages the delicate underlying cells which gives the skin a dull appearance.
  •  Keep yourself hydrated: Drink plenty of water every day. It will flush out toxins from your body which are bad for your skin. Moreover your skin will be kept naturally hydrated.
  • Exfoliate once in a week: Use a facial exfoliation product that suits your skin type. The exfoliation will get you rid of dead skin cells that are clogging up on the top layer of your skin and bring the hidden more youthful skin to the top.

Following these simple and instant skin care remedies will help nourish your skin and bring back its lost glow. A combination of all these tips together is what works best and most effectively.

Written by Taarini Chandramouli

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