Tyres are the only part of your vehicle that is in contact with the road. In addition being the sole link between the vehicle and the road, the tyre also carries the entire weight of the vehicle, carries out braking, accelerating and steering functions and absorbs the damage from all sorts of obstacles on the road. All of these activities results in a lot of wear and tear on your tyres. It should be noted that only a small portion of the tyre whose area corresponds to that of our hand is in contact with the road. The safety and performance of your vehicle depends on this small area. Thus it becomes very important to take good care of your tyres.

The Depth of the Tyre Treads is an important indicator to determine the health of your tyre. In fact treads determines the safety of your vehicle by providing maximum grip and traction especially in adverse weather and road conditions. In addition to this they also help prevent Aquaplaning. Aquaplaning happens when water builds up between the tyre and the road surface leading to a loss of traction and grip which prevents the vehicle from responding to your actions and could thus cause dangerous accidents. The tyre treads prevents aquaplaning by removing water below the tyre. But this action is directly dependent on the depth of the tyre threads. It is important to replace your tyres if the tread depth is below 1.6mm. To make it easier for you to check for the tread depth, most of the tyres nowadays come equipped with tread level indicators. These are raised lumps of height 1.6mm which are positioned inside the thread groves. If you are unable to find it try to look for markings called TWI on the sides of your tyre. TWI stands for Tread Wear Indicator. You will see these raised lumps in a same line across the TWI markings. If the tread wear Indicators and the threads are at the same level then this is an indication that the tyre needs to be replaced.

Tyre Pressure is another aspect that needs to be looked at regularly. This is because incorrect pressure affects the safety of your car, fuel economy as well the longevity of your tyre. Therefore it is your responsibility to ensure that the vehicle pressure is regularly checked and corrected. Over inflated or Under inflated tyres can cause a lot of problems to you. The tyres get worn out faster. While under inflation results in overheating of the tyre as well as lower mileage over inflation affects the handling of the vehicle. An easy way to check for this is by looking at the tyre treads. If the sides of your tyre are worn out, under inflation is the cause and the solution is to first check for leaks if any, and then add more air. Leaks can be checked by applying soapy water to the surface and then looking for bubbles. But if the Center threads are the ones worn out, then you have over inflated your tire and you need to let out some air. Make sure to do this when the tyres are cold as the tyre expands when heated and this does not necessarily give an accurate estimate.

Another leading cause of tyre wear and tear is Wheel Imbalance. Wheel balancing is to be done when one part of the tire is heavier than the other. When one part is heavier than the other it will cause noticeable vibrations and other ride disturbances while driving the vehicle. If you feel the vibrations on your steering wheel then the imbalance is on the front tyres and if the vibrations are felt on the seats then the imbalance might be on the rear tyres. To counteract this, your mechanic will place a balancing weight opposite the heavier part.

We also need to look at Wheel Alignment which is done to make sure that the tyres are perpendicular to the ground and parallel to the each other. If the alignment is incorrect, the tyres themselves will wear out in an uneven or one sided fashion which can result in rapid tyre damage. If you find that your vehicle is drifting away from straight lines while driving, incorrect wheel alignment could possibly be a cause.

Now that we have looked all the major issues your tyres could face, let us look at a relatively ordinary cog which is not as unimportant as it seems. I am talking about the tyre valves and the valve cap that prevents air loss and keeps out dust particles. These inexpensive parts undergo deterioration over time and it is equally important to replace them.

In case you find that you need to replace the tyres, you can find information about tyre dealers in Raipur here.

Written by Bajith Sasidharan

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